Ramsey Canyon — in an ecological crossroads

The whole of southeastern Arizona is really an ecological potpourri of fauna and flora where the Sierra Madre mountains of northern Mexico meet the southern Rockies of the U.S. and where the Sonoran and Chihuahuan deserts converge. The Huachuca mountains rise steeply from the desert floor (as discussed in the last post on Cave Creek Canyon), creating another “sky island” with a mix of species from all those varied habitats: like apache and chihuahuan pines (found in the Mexican deserts) and of course, my favorite — the Elegant Trogon along with several other unique endemics from Mexico described below.

Ramsey Canyon (a Nature Conservancy preserve) is an elongate creek bed lined with shady sycamores, oaks, and maples and steep hillsides lined with pines, cacti, and yucca. It has the added attraction of a very nice bed and breakfast right next door to the preserve.

Naturally, we took in the highlights of the unique flora and fauna here with a couple of hikes up the canyon from our B&B.

Photography buddy, Debbie, posed in front of one of the tiny cabins that are apparently still used by some of the owners that preceded the Nature Conservancy. Shade makes all the difference in this very warm, sunny place in the late spring.
Among the many local residents in Ramsey Canyon are the diminutive white-tailed deer subspecies, called Coues deer, found only in southwestern U.S. mountain ranges. They are less than 3 feet tall at the shoulder and usually weigh less than 100 pounds. Lush grass like this next to the creek sustain them in the spring but dry out quickly in the hot summer when they will retreat to higher elevations to find food.
One of the common, but locally endemic inhabitants of these canyons is Yarrow’s spiny lizard which is found only in the canyons of extreme southeastern Arizona and southwestern New Mexico, but is more commonly found in central Mexico. They are often referred to as “blue-bellies” from the blue stripes that run down their ventral surface.
As a year-round resident of the canyons of southeastern Arizona, these lizards face both hot and cold extremes, with a short period of “nice weather” during which they are active. Like other species of this genus (Sceloporus) that live in montane habitats, Yarrow’s spiny lizard are viviparous, giving birth to live young every couple of years.
Further up the trail we discovered several of the round, leafy nests of Plumbeous Vireos, in this case, with a bird sitting quietly in the nest while we walked by. These are common residents of the southeastern canyons of Arizona.
Another unique resident of the southwestern U.S. is the Arizona Woodpecker, the only one with brown plumage. These are primarily a Mexican species found only in this part of southeastern Arizona and extreme southwestern New Mexico.
Yellow-eyed Juncos, a different species from our common Slate-colored Juncos, are another primarily Mexican species that frequents just the southeastern Arizona canyons. That striking yellow eye makes them immediately recognizable. They can be found in montane areas in the spring and summer but move to lower elevations in the winter to find seed and water.

2 thoughts on “Ramsey Canyon — in an ecological crossroads

    • Yes, there do seem to be a lot of different vireos in these canyons— must be a lot of good bugs. Just a few warblers though. Thanks for your comment!

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