True or False: among all the species in the animal kingdom, only humans are known to domesticate other animals for their own use.
You can probably guess from the title of this post that the statement may be false.
There are numerous reported examples of the ways in which the highly organized society of an ant colony manipulates certain species of sap-sucking bugs (Hemipteran species) to harvest the sugar and protein in the bug’s excreta.
Ants protect their “herd” from predators by swarming them and driving them away, they transport the herd to new leaves on which to feed, they move them to sheltered locations during downpours, all to maximize the nutrient-rich output of the herd’s excreta. Ants also excrete a substance that reduces movement of their herd, so that they stay put in one place, and they have been observed to bite off the wings of the breeding females so they don’t disperse from the feeding area, but instead produce more offspring in situ. So, it really is farming…in quite a sophisticated way. This is illustrated beautifully in a video on antark.net — please click on this link to see it: